Women may seek breast surgery to develop their body shape. Mammoplasty procedures may include:
Breast augmentation, or enlargement, traditionally performed utilizing saline or silicone gel prosthetics, and now irregularly with fat grafting.
Liposuction, or suction-assisted lipectomy, uses tiny cannulas, or hollow metal tubes, to vacuum fat from several parts of the body, normally the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips, backs of the arms, and neck. Liposuction can also be used for male breast reduction.
Tools used in liposuction include standard, ultrasound, mechanical, and laser devices. They all tend to involve the suction of fat into a tube.
Labiaplasty, labioplasty, labia minor lowering, or labial reduction involves surgery of the labia majora or labia minora of the vulva, a part of the female genitalia. It points to reduce elongated labia, habitually as part of a vaginoplasty.
There is a lack of clinical or scientific evidence to lead gynecological surgeons as to the safety and effectiveness of cosmetic vaginal procedures.
Abdominoplasty, or “tummy tuck” reforms and firms the abdomen. Excess skin and fat is eliminated from the middle and lower abdomen, with the aim of tightening the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall.
This may be suitable after pregnancy or after losing a great deal of weight.
Other body contouring procedures
Buttock augmentation enhances the appearance of the buttocks by making them larger. The surgeon will either graft fat from another part of the patient’s body using liposuction. This is known as the “Brazilian Butt lift.” Silicone implants can also occasionally be used in the buttocks.
A buttock lift or lower body lift involves removing excess skin from the hips, buttocks, and thighs in order to tighten and lift them. These procedures are often combined with abdominoplasty in patients who have lost a considerable amount of weight after bariatric, or weight loss, surgery, for example.
Facial cosmetic surgery
Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery, aims to reshape the eyelids. With age, the skin becomes lax, and there may be drooping or hooding of the upper lids, and bags on the lower lids. Eyelid surgery may be functional, cosmetic, or each other. It usually involves removing or repositioning excess skin and fat, and the procedure can reinforce surrounding muscles and tendons.
Surgery can change the shape of the face or tighten the skin.
Correct board certification matters
In the U.S., a physician advertising as a “cosmetic surgeon” is not required to complete formal plastic surgery training in an authorized program. That physician may actually have practice in any medical specialty and now wishes to perform cosmetic surgery. Even for procedures like breast augmentation, the training these individuals have undergone can include as little as a weekend program.
By selecting a plastic surgeon who is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery, you can rest assured your surgeon has completed the necessary training and has the experience and expertise needed to perform your surgery safely.