What does plastic surgery include?
Plastic surgery includes both reconstructive and aesthetic (cosmetic) procedures:
Reconstructive plastic surgery
Reconstructive surgery is presented to revive function and normal appearance, and proper damages created by birth defects, trauma, or medical conditions as well as cancer. Examples include cleft lip and palate repair, breast reconstruction following a lumpectomy or mastectomy for breast cancer, and reconstructive surgery after burn injuries. Typically, reconstructive surgery is considered medically important and is roofed by most health insurance plans.
This type of surgery is usually done to improve function, but may also be done to change appearance.
Who are candidates for reconstructive plastic surgery?
Generally, 2 types of people have reconstructive plastic surgery, including:
- People with birth defects (including cleft lip, craniofacial anomalies, or hand deformities)
- People with deformities (including those due to an accident, infection, disease, or aging)
Cosmetic (aesthetic) plastic surgery
Cosmetic surgery is performed to boost overall cosmetic appearance by reshaping and adjusting traditional anatomy to make it visually more appealing. not like reconstructive surgery, cosmetic surgery isn’t considered medically necessary. Breast augmentation, breast lift, liposuction, abdominoplasty (tummy tuck), and facelift are common samples of cosmetic surgery procedures.
Cosmetic surgery is done to repair or reshape otherwise normal structures of the body, generally, to improve appearance.